From sharing to cooperation to collective action


For the last hundred years the big organizational question has been whether any given task was best taken on by the state, directing the effort in a planned way, or by businesses competing in a market. This debate was based on the universal and unspoken supposition that people couldn’t simply self-assemble; the choice between markets and managed effort assumed that there was no third alternative. Now there is.

Clay Shirky, 2008, Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. Penguin Books.

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